A VERY WARM WELCOME VISITORS

Sunday, December 3, 2017

1008. Rafi's Devotional Songs: har bekas ke Gham-KHwaar ho tum...



Movie:  Non-Filmy
Music:  Khayyam
Lyrics: Feroze Jalandhari

Rafi’s devotional song:  har bekas ke Gham-KHwaar ho tum… set to the tune of mere geetoN kaa singaar ho tum…

Roman transliteration/English translation of the non-filmy Naath-Shareef:

har bekas ke Gham-KHwaar ho tum,
OF EVERY HELPLESS SOUL, YOU’RE THE COMFORTER,

ummat ke, khewanhaar ho tum
OF YOUR NATION, YOU’RE THE ROWER,

ummat ke, khewanhaar ho tum,
OF YOUR NATION, YOU’RE THE ROWER!

har bekas ke,  Gham-KHwaar ho tum…
OF EVERY HELPLESS SOUL, YOU’RE THE COMFORTER!

Ummat ke bhaag jagaa doh,
AWAKEN YOUR NATION’S DESTINY, 

Ab TooTii, aas bandhaa doh,
NOW, REVIVE THE FORLORN HOPE,

Ummat ke bhaag jagaa doh,
AWAKEN YOUR NATION’S DESTINY, 

Ab TooTii, aas bandhaa doh,
NOW, REVIVE THE FORLORN HOPE,

rehmat ke, phool khilaa doh,
MAKE THE FLOWERS OF MERCY BLOOM,

waahdat kii bharii bahaar ho tum,
OF THE UNITY, YOU’RE FULL OF SPRING’S BLOOM!

har bekas ke, Gham-KHwaar ho tum,
OF EVERY HELPLESS SOUL, YOU’RE THE COMFORTER,

ummat ke, khewanhaar ho tum
OF YOUR NATION, YOU’RE THE ROWER,

ummat ke, khewanhaar ho tum,
OF YOUR NATION, YOU’RE THE ROWER!

har bekas ke,  Gham-KHwaar ho tum…
OF EVERY HELPLESS SOUL, YOU’RE THE COMFORTER!

tum jis damm haQ haQ boleN,
THE MOMENT YOU UTTER “THE TRUTH, THE TRUTH,”

KHud raaz KHuda ne khole,
GOD HIMSELF EXPOSES THE SECRET!

tum jis dam haQ haQ boleN,
THE MOMENT YOU UTTER “THE TRUTH, THE TRUTH,”

KHud raaz KHuda ne khole,
GOD HIMSELF EXPOSES THE SECRET!

kyooN dil mahshar meN Dole,
WHY SHOULD THE HEART TREMBLE ON THE JUDGMENT DAY

jab KHaaliQ ke dil-daar ho tum,
WHEN YOU’RE THE BELOVED OF THE CREATOR!

har bekas ke Gham-KHwaar ho tum,
OF EVERY HELPLESS SOUL, YOU’RE THE COMFORTER,

ummat ke, khewanhaar ho tum
OF YOUR NATION, YOU’RE THE ROWER,

ummat ke, khewanhaar ho tum,
OF YOUR NATION, YOU’RE THE ROWER!

har bekas ke,  Gham-KHwaar ho tum…
OF EVERY HELPLESS SOUL, YOU’RE THE COMFORTER!


TRANSLATED BY NASIR ALI

Friday, November 17, 2017

1007. Rafi's Peppy Songs: sar jo teraa chakraaye...



Movie: PYASAA (1957)
Maiden release in Bombay at the Minerva Cinema.



Music:  S.D. BURMAN
Lyrics:  Sahir Ludhianvi



Mohammed Rafi’s Evergreen Peppy Song: sar jo teraa chakraaye…

Roman Transliteration/English Translation of the Hindi/Urdu filmy lyrics:

Maalish, tel maalish,  champii,
MASSAGE, OIL MESSAGE, BODYWORK…

sar jo teraa chakaraaye,
IF YOUR HEAD SPINS,  

yaa dil Duubaa jaaye
OR YOUR HEART SINKS,

aajaa pyaare paas hamaare,
COME TO ME DEAR,  

kaahe ghabraaye, kaahe ghabraaye,
DON’T FLINCH, DON’T FLINCH!

Maalish, tel maalish…
MASSAGE, OIL MASSAGE…

sar jo teraa chakaraaye,
IF YOUR HEAD SPINS, 

yaa dil Duubaa jaaye,
OR YOUR HEART SINKS,

aajaa pyaare paas hamaare,
COME TO ME DEAR, 

kaahe ghabraaye, kaahe ghabraaye…
DON’T FLINCH, DON’T FLINCH!

tel meraa hai muskii,
MY OIL IS MUSKY,

ganj rahe na khuskii,
NEITHER BALDNESS NOR DANDRUFF WILL LAST,

jis ke sar par haath phiraa duuN chamke Qismat us kii,
IF ON SOMEONE’S HEAD I MOVE MY HAND, HIS KISMET WILL SHINE!

tel meraa hai muskii,
MY OIL IS MUSKY,

ganj rahe na khuskii,
NEITHER BALDNESS NOR DANDRUFF WILL LAST,

jis ke sar par haath phiraa duuN chamke Qismat us kii,
IF ON SOMEONE’S HEAD I MOVE MY HAND, HIS KISMET WILL SHINE!

sun sun sun, arre beTaa sun,
HEAR, LISTEN, TAKE HEED MY SON,

is champii meN baRe baRe gun,
THERE ARE GREAT MERITS IN THIS MASSAGE!

sun sun sun, arre beTaa sun,
HEAR, LISTEN, TAKE HEED MY SON,

is champii meN baRe baRe gun,
THERE ARE GREAT MERITS IN THIS MASSAGE!

laakh dukhoN kii ek davaa hai,
‘TIS ONE REMEDY FOR VERY MANY AILMENTS,

kyuuN naa ajmaaye,
WHY NOT GIVE IT A TRY!

kahe ghabraaye, kahe ghabraaye…
DON’T FLINCH, DON’T FLINCH!

sar jo teraa chakaraaye,
IF YOUR HEAD SPINS, 

yaa dil Duubaa jaaye,
OR YOUR HEART SINKS,

aajaa pyaare paas hamaare,
COME TO ME DEAR, 

kaahe ghabraaye, kaahe ghabraaye…
DON’T FLINCH, DON’T FLINCH!

pyaar kaa hove jhagRaa,
WHETHER THERE’S BICKERING IN LOVE,

yaa bizines kaa ho ragRaa,
OR THERE’S A BUSINESS DISPUTE,

sab lafRoN kaa bojh haTe jab paRe haath ik tagRaa,
A STURDY STRIKE OF A HAND WILL REMOVE ALL THE PROBLEMS’ BURDEN!

pyaar kaa hove jhagRaa,
WHETHER THERE’S BICKERING IN LOVE,

yaa bizines kaa ho ragRaa,
OR THERE’S A BUSINESS DISPUTE,

sab lafRoN kaa bojh haTe jab paRe haath ik tagRaa,
A STURDY STRIKE OF A HAND WILL REMOVE ALL THE PROBLEMS’ BURDEN!

sun sun sun, arre baabu sun,
 HEAR, LISTEN, TAKE HEED O MISTER,

is champii meN baRe baRe gun,
THERE’RE GREAT MERITS IN THIS MASSAGE,

sun sun sun, arre baabu sun,
 HEAR, LISTEN, TAKE HEED O MISTER,

is champii meN baRe baRe gun,
THERE’RE GREAT MERITS IN THIS MASSAGE,

laakh dukhoN kii ek davaa hai,
‘TIS ONE REMEDY FOR VERY MANY AILMENTS,

kyuuN naa ajmaaye,
WHY NOT GIVE IT A TRY!

kahe ghabraaye, kahe ghabraaye…
DON’T FLINCH, DON’T FLINCH!

sar jo teraa chakaraaye,
IF YOUR HEAD SPINS, 

yaa dil Duubaa jaaye,
OR YOUR HEART SINKS,

aajaa pyaare paas hamaare,
COME TO ME DEAR, 

kaahe ghabraaye, kaahe ghabraaye…
DON’T FLINCH, DON’T FLINCH!

naukar ho yaa maalik,
WHETHER ONE’S A SERVANT OR A MASTER,

liiDar ho yaa pablik,
A LEADER OR IT’S THE PUBLIC,

apane aage sabhii jhukeN haiN, kyaa raajaa kyaa sainik,
ALL BOW BEFORE ME WHAT IF HE’S A KING OR A SOLDIER,

naukar ho yaa maalik,
WHETHER ONE’S A SERVANT OR A MASTER,

liiDar ho yaa pablik,
A LEADER OR IT’S THE PUBLIC,

apane aage sabhii jhukeN haiN, kyaa raajaa kyaa sainik,
ALL BOW BEFORE ME WHAT IF HE’S A KING OR A SOLDIER,


sun sun sun, arre raajaah sun,
 HEAR, LISTEN, TAKE HEED O KING,

is champii meN baRe baRe gun,
THERE’RE GREAT MERITS IN THIS MASSAGE,

sun sun sun, arre raajaah sun,
 HEAR, LISTEN, TAKE HEED O KING,

is champii meN baRe baRe gun,
THERE’RE GREAT MERITS IN THIS MASSAGE,

laakh dukho.n kii ek davaa hai,
‘TIS ONE REMEDY FOR VERY MANY AILMENTS,

kyuuN naa ajmaaye,
WHY NOT GIVE IT A TRY!

kahe ghabraaye, kahe ghabraaye…
DON’T FLINCH, DON’T FLINCH!

sar jo teraa chakaraaye,
IF YOUR HEAD SPINS, 

yaa dil Duubaa jaaye
OR YOUR HEART SINKS,

aajaa pyaare paas hamaare,
COME TO ME DEAR, 

kaahe ghabraaye…
DON’T FLINCH -


Translated by NASIR. 

Tuesday, November 7, 2017

THE JINN; A SHORT ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE - PART 10.


THE JINN – Continued Part 10:

Protection from harm of Jinn:

Because jinn can see us while we cannot see them, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) taught us many ways to protect ourselves from their harm. They are:  seeking Allah's refuge from the accursed Satan, reciting surat Al-Falaq and surat An-Nas, and reciting the words taught by Allah in the Qur’an. Allah Almighty says, “And say: My Lord! I seek refuge in Thee from suggestions of the evil ones. And I seek refuge in Thee, my Lord, lest they be present with me.” (Al-Mu’minun: 97-98)  Saying Bismillah (in the Name of Allah) before entering one’s home, eating or drinking, and having intercourse will keep Satan from entering the house or partaking with a person in his food, drink and sexual activity. Similarly, mentioning the name of Allah before entering the toilet or taking off one’s clothes will prevent the jinn from seeing a person in a state of undress or harming him. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) says: “To put a barrier that will prevent the jinn from seeing the `awrah of the sons of Adam, let any one of you say ‘Bismillah’ when entering the toilet.” (Reported by At-Tirmidhi)

According to a sahih hadith, narrated by al-Nasai from Abu’l-Yusr, the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) used to pray: “Allahumma innee a’oodhu bika min al-taraddi wa’l-haram wa’l-gharaq wa’l-harq, wa a’oodhu bika an yatakhabatani al-shaytan ‘ind al-mawt (O Allah, I seek refuge with You from being thrown from a high place, old age, drowning and burning; and I seek refuge with You from being beaten by the Shaytan at the time of death).” Regarding the the line, ‘and I seek refuge with You from being beaten by the Shaytan at the time of death’ al-Manawi explains in Al-Fayd that it means “lest he should wrestle with me and play with me, and damage my religious commitment or mental state (at the time of death) by means of his insinuating whispers which cause people to slip or lose their minds. The Shaytan could take control of a person when he is about to depart this world, and misguide him or stop him from repenting…”

According to a hadith reported by ad-Darimi, Ibn Mas`ud (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “A man from among the Companions of Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) met a man from among the jinn. They wrestled, and the human knocked down the jinn. The human said to him, ‘You look small and skinny to me, and your forearms look like the front paws of a dog. Do all the jinn look like this, or only you?’ He said, ‘No, by Allah, among them I am strong, but let us wrestle again, and if you defeat me I will teach you something that will do you good.’ The human said, ‘Fine.’ He said, ‘Recite (the verse): “Allah! There is no God save Him, the Alive, the Eternal. Neither slumber nor sleep overtaketh Him. Unto Him belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. Who is he that intercedeth with Him save by His leave? He knoweth that which is in front of them and that which is behind them, while they encompass nothing of His knowledge save what He will. His throne includeth the heavens and the earth, and He is never weary of preserving them. He is the Sublime, the Tremendous.” (Al-Baqarah: 255) The human said, ‘Fine.’ He said, ‘You will never recite this in your house but the shaytan will come out of it like a donkey breaking wind, and he will never come back in until the next morning.’”

Shaykh Abu Sa’eed Abdullah bin Ahmad Baghdadi once came to Hazrat Shaykh Abdul Qadir Jilani (R) and told him that his maiden daughter Fatima had disappeared from the roof-top.  Hazrat told him to go to the ruined part of al-Karkh and sit beside the fifth mound and draw a circle on the ground and say while drawing the circle "according to the intentions of Abdul Qadir Jilani (R).  Towards the third portion of the night, he would see troops of Jinn in different forms passing by but their appearance should not terrify him. When the dawn comes their the King would pass and ask him of his need and then he should tell him that Shaykh Abdul Qadir Jilani has sent me and then narrate to him about his missing daughter.  Shaykh Abu Sa'eed did so as he was told, and sure enough, after the King came riding on a horse with the whole nations of Jinn before him.  The King stopped by the circle and said: "O human being what is your need?" Then Shaykh Abu Sa'eed told him: "Shaykh Abdul Qadir Jilani has sent me to you." Thereupon the King got down from his horse and kissed the ground and sat just outside the circle.   His followers did likewise.  After he was told about the missing daughter, the King told those around him to bring the one who had done this.  They brought an evil Jinni and the Shaykh's daughter.  The King was informed that the evil Jinni was from China.  Soon the evil Jinni was beheaded and the Shaykh got back his daughter.  When asked about his respects for Saint of Jilan, the King said: “When Ghous-e-Azam looks at us all the Jinn begin to tremble”.

Next, with all their powers, the Jinn like the human beings cannot transgress the limits imposed on them by Allah (swt):  “O assembly of jinn and men! If you have the power to pass beyond the zones of the heavens and the earth, then pass beyond (them)! But you will never be able to pass them, except with authority (from Allah!)”(Qur’an 55:33).  Also, they are not able to open the doors that have been shut after having mentioned the name of Allah over them.  The Holy Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said: “Close your doors and cover your vessels and tie up your water skins and put out your lamps, for Satan (and the jinn) do not open a closed door, nor do they take off a cover or untie water skins”. Also, according to a Hadith in Sahih Bukhari, when Ramadan enters the gates of Paradise are opened; the gates of Hell are closed and the devils are chained. Recitation of Surah Al-Baqarah is also very useful: “Indeed, Satan flees from the house in which Surah Al-Baqarah (the 2nd chapter of the Quran) is recited.” (Al-Tirmidhi). Also, the Prophet Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) said: “Do not make your houses like graves, for Satan runs away from a house in which al-Baqarah chapter [chapter 2] is recited.”(Narrated by Saheeh Muslim)  Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "If anyone of you rouses from sleep and performs the ablution, he should wash his nose by putting water in it and then blowing it out thrice, because Satan has stayed in the upper part of his nose all the night." (Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 54, Number 516)  The Prophet is speaking how it’s possible to be possessed without knowing it. The practice of cleaning the upper part prevents demon-possession. Many people today are possessed and don’t know it, they should’ve cleaned the upper part of their nose.  The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) also taught to cover our mouth when we yawn, so Jinn cannot enter our body.

Sacrificing for Jinn is prohibited:

Some people say that a slaughtering or sacrificing for the Jinn may ward off Jin possession.  The Holy Quran, 72:6 informs us: 'True, there were persons among mankind who took shelter with persons among the Jinns, but they increased them in folly.  According to a Tafseer from Ibn Abbas: Allah then said: (And indeed (O Muhammad) individuals of humankind used to invoke the protection of individuals of the jinn so that they increased them) because of that (in revolt (against Allah)) in pride, arrogance, sedition, and corruption. This is because they were afraid of them whenever they travelled, caught a game or camped in a valley. And to avoid their harm they used to say: “we seek refuge in the master of this valley from the foolish ones of his folk” after which they felt safe. As a result, the masters of these places increased in nothing but pride and arrogance towards the commonality among their folk.

A story is narrated that once while digging for water one of the employees who was deep inside the well was suddenly thrown up and he fell down unconscious.  After a while, the same man told the owner that he had seen some Jinn inside the well and they told him that they need a sacrifice from the owner otherwise they would not let them continue with the digging of the well.  Upon this, the owner thought of buying a big cow and garlanding it and parading it through the streets of Makkah before the sacrifice.  The same night, when the owner went to bed, he had a dream in which he saw a person approach him and ask him as to what he intended to do, whether he intended to buy a cow and garland it and parade it in the streets of Makkah. The owner concluded that this was indeed the need of the hour and carried out his intentions.
 
The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) stated that he who sacrificed for anyone but for Allah will be in Hell. All Ulema agree that sacrificing for the Jinn is prohibited.  It could be termed “Shirk” or polytheism because the sacrifice is not for Allah (swt).  Muslims cannot eat from this because it is not permitted, i.e. it is not “Halaal”. Even till the time of Umar ® it was the practice in Egypt to thrown virgins down the River Nile for appeasement.  This practice was stopped by Hazrat Umar ® and the Nile still flows.
 
It must be remembered that if the heart does not properly recognize the power of God, the soul becomes susceptible to Jinn possession.  If a person truly relies on Allah (swt) then the Jinn will have no power over that person.

Exorcising the Jinn:

According to Fath al-Bari 10/24, there is a consensus among the 'ulama that ruqa are permissible when they satisfy three conditions:  To be with Allah's words or His names and attributes; To be in Arabic or of an intelligible meaning; And to believe that they do not have effect by themselves but by Allah ('Azza wa Jalla). We have already made a mention of some hadiths above where Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) performed an exorcism on various occasions.  In Islamic way, exorcism is called “Ruqyah”  which includes specific verses of Holy Quran and all lawful incantations that Prophet Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) informed us about.  Imam Muslim reported in Sahi Muslim which Prophet Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) said: “Present to me those who provide curing by the way of ruqyah. There is no objection to it as long as it does not contain any polytheism.”  The ‘Raqi’ or ‘Aamil’ (exorcist) can by the Grace of Allah treat paranormal disorders caused by Jinn, evil eye or black magic.  Exorcism can be done without beating the victim or lighting jog stick and putting the smoke near victim’s nose, etc.  The real Aamil won’t resort to such things but would do the job without attracting attention or creating a ruckus. The fake Aamil is usually a sorcerer who practices black magic.  Such magicians will use impure things such as blood to write talismans which may contain non-Quranic incantations.  It is usual to see them cutting lemons on the victim’s head.  They ask the victim for hair, used cloth and nails and about his or her mother’s name to be used in their spells.  The slaughtering of a black animal or bird is also advised by them.  One has to steer away from such fake Raqis.  Experts advise us to do our own Ruqya by listening to the Quranic verses from an audio, but there is no substitute for a live recitation.  The most common Quranic verses that are read are the Muawwidhat or the three last Quranic Surahs: Surah Ikhlaas, Surah Falaq and Surah Naas;  the Throne Verse or Aayatul Kursi besides a host of other verses.   According to a leading scholar and  expert in exorcism, Wahid Abdussalaam Bali, the following Quranic verses from the Surahs can be used for exorcism: Al-Fatiha; al-Baqara verses: 1-5, 102, 163-164, 255, 285-286; Aali Imraan: 18-19; Al-A’raf: 54-56, 117-122; Yunus: 81-82; Taha: 69; Al-Mu’minoon: 115-118; as-Saffat: 1-10; al-Ahqaf: 29-32; Ar-Rahman: 33-36; Al-Hashr: 21-24; Al-Jinn: 1-9; and the three Muawwidhat already mentioned above.  Haraam methods and those that smack of Shirk (polytheism) such as using magical spells and cryptic characters are to be avoided at all cost.  For a non-Muslim Jinn, he should be invited to accept Islam but no compulsion should be used.  Exorcism is not easy because the Jinn may practice deceptions to confuse the victims and even the Raqi.  Therefore, exorcism requires a very experienced Raqi who has dealt with all types of Jinn’s and their deception during the ritual.  The process of exorcism is a long drawn up one since in order that it may be successful it requires a repeated stages of Ruqya treatments and may involve a different form for a Muslim Jinn and a non-Muslim one.  The reader is advised to refer to the specialized books on the subject, such as: Ighāthat al-lahfān min-maṣāyid al-Shayṭān, Talbis Iblis (Devil’s Deception) in two volumes, Ahkaam al Marjaan, ʻĀlam al-jinn wa-al-shayāṭīn,  al-Furqān baina auliyāʼ ar-raḥmān wa-auliyāʼ aš-šaiṭān, Ibn Taymeeyah's Essay on the jinn (demons).  

Shortly stated, the intention must be to drive away the invading Jinn rather than confronting him since the Holy Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) has stated: “Do not wish for yourself to encounter the enemy” and Allah said:  Verily, Satan is an enemy to you. Lastly, never attribute the success to yourself. 

Again, it also happens sometimes that an expert Raqi, with the Power and Will of Allah (swt),  is able to capture the Jinn.  In that case he must order the Jinn to obey Allah and His Messenger (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) and must not enter into any pact to advance his own worldly desires.  In the words of Shaykh Ibn Taimiyyah: And whoever uses Jinn for what Allah and his messenger have forbidden, either shirk or killing a person unjustly or aggressing people without killing them by making them ill or lose knowledge or other harms, or use them for sins like bringing a person to commit a sin, that one has used their help for sin and harming, and if he uses them for kufr he is kafir, and if he uses them for sins he is sinner or perverse, or sinner without being perverse, and his knowledge of Islam is lacking. And if he uses their help for what he thinks is miracles like using them for pilgrimage or flying when he hears words not taught in sunna (innovative words), or they take him to Arafat and he does not perform the correct Hajj that Allah and his Prophet have ordered, or they take him from city to city and further on, that one is tricked and they are making fun of him. [Majmu’ Alfatawa V11P307.]

CONCLUDED: 

For, all praise belongs to Allah and it is He alone Who grants success! Allah (swt) is the Best of protectors and the Most Merciful of those who show mercy.

Allah and His Rasool know best.

NASIR

Friday, November 3, 2017

THE JINN - An Islamic perspective, Part 9.


THE JINN – Continued Part 9:

JINN POSSESSION.

Shortly stated, it is known that many Islamic scholars deny Jinn possession and hold that Satan has no influence on Adam’s children unless it be through whispering.  According to Imam Qurtabi, the Qur’anic verse 2:275: “Those who eat Riba will not stand (on the Day of Resurrection) except like the standing of a person beaten by Shaytaan (Satan) leading him to insanity” (Al-Baqarah 2:275) is an evidence against the people who reject and deny jinn possession and its evil affect or those who believe a jinn cannot enter a human and roam through his body and rather they say he just has a medical illness.” [al-Jam’e Li Ahkam al-Quran [3:255 no.12] also Mukhtasar Tafsir Qurtubi [1:210] of Basam Ni’mah].  Shaikh Ibn Taimiyyah too relies on this Ayah in his Majmua al-Fatawa to prove that Jinn can possess human beings.   He also quotes Abul Hasan Al-Ashari’s reliance on this verse in  Maqalat to show that Jinn can enter a human body.    He further points out that according to Abdullah bin Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal: “I said to my father, ‘People say a jinn cannot possess (ie enter) a human (body) and cause harm.’ He replied, ‘Oh my son, these people lie and in reality, it is shaytan himself who makes them say this (lie) (whilst possessing them).’  Referring to the said Quranic verse, Hafiz Ibn Kathir said, “It means the one who consumes interest will rise up from their graves on the Day of Judgment just like the person who has been possessed by a Shaitan, who renders him insane meaning that he stands in a strange and peculiar way in a fit of madness. Ibn Abi Hatim reported that Ibn Abbas said, “One who devours interest will be resurrected on the Day of Judgement insane in a suffocating form of madness.” Ibn Abi Hatim also said that similar commentaries were narrated from Awf ibn Malik, Sa’id ibn Jubair, al-Suddi, al-Rabi Ibn Anas, Qatadah and Muqatil bin Hayyan.” (Tafsir Ibn Kathir [1:326] refer also to Tafsir Ibn Abi Hatim [2:544].  There are many other scholars who have dealt with this aspect but here we are concerned only generally.

Evidence from the Sunnah:

A number of prophetic traditions do indicate that the jinn may enter the human body as well.  In one hadith, the Holy Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) was reported by his wife, Safiyyah, to have said: “Verily, Satan flows in the bloodstream of Adam’s descendants.”  Sunni scholars who use this hadeeth as evidence, it clearly indicates that Satan – and by extension,  the jinn – is able to invade the human body and its various parts, similar to the way blood circulates within the limbs.

According to one Hadith, Abdullah bin Numayr narrated to us, from Uthmaan bin Hakeem, he said: Abdur Rahmaan bin Abdul Azeez informed me, from Ya’la bin Murrah, he said: I have seen three things from the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) that no one else would have seen before me nor after me. I went out with the Prophet on a journey until when we reached a certain street; we passed by a woman who was sitting holding a child with her. She said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, this child has been afflicted with a curse and it worries us. He gets attacked in a day (with fits) for I don’t know how many times.’ The Prophet said, ‘Hand him to me’ so she lifted the child to him and he sat him down with a saddleback between him and the boy. Then he opened his mouth and put some spittle in it for three times and he said, ‘In the name of Allaah, I am the slave of Allah, go away O enemy of Allaah.’ Then he gave the child to her and said, ‘when we return to this place, tell us how has he faired’ Then we went and later came back to that place and we found that woman along with three (other narrations say: “two”) lambs. The Prophet asked, ‘How is the child?’ She replied, ‘By the one who sent you with truth, we have not seen anything wrong in him until now; please take these lambs.’ The Prophet said, ‘Get down and take only one of them and return the rest to her.’”

According to another hadith collected from Ibn Abbas by Abu Nu’aym, al-Baihaqi and ad-Darimi, he said: A woman came with a son of hers and said, 'O' Messenger of Allah, this son of mine is insane. He is seized by fits every morning and evening, and ruins our lives.' Allah's Messenger wiped him and prayed for him. The boy then vomited and a black puppy came out of his mouth and ran away." (See al-Khasa'is al-Kubra, vol. 2, p. 290).]

It was narrated that Jaabir bin `Abdullah said: We went out with the Messenger of Allaah (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam)  on the campaign of Dhaat al-Riqaa`. When we were in Harrat Waaqim (name of a place), a Bedouin woman brought a son of hers to the Messenger of Allaah (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam)  and said: “O Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam), the Shaytaan has got hold of this son of mine and I cannot do anything.” He said: “Bring him close to me.” So she brought him close to him, and he said: “Open his mouth.” So, she opened it and the Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) spat into it, then he said:“be gone, the enemy of Allah, for I am the Messenger of Allah.” He said that three times and he said: “Take your son, there is nothing wrong with him (now), and the problem that he suffered will not come back to him.” [Al-Tabaraani in al-awsat and Al-Bazzaar]

It was narrated that ‘Uthman bin Abul-‘As said:  “When the Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) appointed me as governor of Ta’if, I began to get confused during my prayer, until I no longer knew what I was doing. When I noticed that,  I travelled to the Messenger of Allah (sal Alllahu alayhi wasallam) and he said: ‘The son of Abul-‘As?’ I said: ‘Yes, O Messenger of Allah.’ He said: ‘What brings you here?’ He said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, I get confused during my prayer until I do not know what I am doing.’ He said: ‘That is Satan. Come here.’ So I came close to him, and sat upon the front part of my feet then he struck my chest with his hand and put some spittle in my mouth and said: ‘Get out, O enemy of Allah!’ He did that three times, then he said: ‘Get on with your work.’” ‘Uthman said: “Indeed, I never felt confused (during my prayer) after that.” [Ibn Majah 31:3548]  In a narration of a hadith in Sahih Muslim, it is stated that the same Companion, Uthman bin Abul As,  was affected in salaah by 'waswasa' caused by Shaytaan called "khanzab" In that narration the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi was sallam) told him to seek refuge in Allaah and spit to his left in salaah. Consequently, the vast majority of orthodox Muslim scholars conclude that such narrations confirm the concept of diabolic possession of humans.

Some of the reasons for Jinn possession are:

According to Shaykh Ibn Taimiyyah, Jinn by their nature are very ignorant, harsh and volatile in their behaviour and in their ignorance may seek to punish humans who accidentally harm them unknowingly by urinating on them or pouring hot water on them and even by killing some of them since they are invisible.  Sometimes, the Jinn might simply jest or play a mischief on humans.  This punishment may be more severe than the hapless humans deserve.  Occasionally, Jinn possession might occur owing to their sensual desires and falling in love with a human.  According to his student, Ibn al-Qayyim in Zaad al-Ma'aad: “Evil spirits mostly gain control of those having little religious inclination and those whose hearts and tongues faith has deserted; those whose souls are desolate of the remembrance of Allah and of the formulas for strengthening the faith. When evil spirits meet a man who is isolated, weaponless and naked, they are easily able to attack him and overcome him.”

It is possible to have several Jinn in the body and each jinni may have a different reason for possession.  A sorcerer or magician may send a jinni to possess the victim.  In that case, the jinni might be forced to possess a human.  Such sorcery (sihr) may cause illnesses such as psychological and psychosomatic or cause separation between the spouses and friends.  Jinn possession may also be due to revenge; malicious intention; evil intention to cause a person to deviate from his or her religious beliefs; and so on. A lustful male jinny may incline the possessed woman towards lust, while a female jiniya may incline the possessed man to lustful actions.  Sometimes, a man copulates with his wife without reading the following dua:  "Bismillah Allah humma jan nib nash shaytan, wa jannib bish shaytana ma razaqthana".  In that case, the Jinn may enjoy the pleasure of that sexual act. 

Toilets are among the dwelling places of the Jinn.  So also the areas where garbage is dumped or a place like the mountaintop.  Therefore,  fortifying prayers as taught in Islam must be recited while visiting these places.  A person may unintentionally step on invisible Jinn for which he may be punished more than he deserves.  Walking naked in the dwellings is also not advisable as that may attract the Jinn.

Some of the Signs of Jinn Possession:

Some of the signs are that a person mentions that he is uneasy, he finds himself getting up and sitting down frequently, he speaks unintelligibly, etc. This is called demonic possession (sara‘ al-jinn).  The signs also include constant headaches which are not because of organic disease, absent-mindedness, laziness and disability, pain in organs, epileptic seizures, treatment proving to be ineffectual.  The victim may experience sleeplessness or disturbed sleep or dream seeing strange people some very tall, or very short or very black, seeing shadows and suffer recurrent nightmares, or see himself falling from heights;  or see animals in dreams and see himself near garbages, graves, lonely roads and desolate places.


Shaykh Ibn Taimiyyah said: ‘The possessed person speaks a language that he himself does not understand. And his body may be struck with a ferocious beating, such that it would leave a great mark on a camel. The possessed person does not perceive the strike nor does he perceive the words that he is speaking. The possessed may lift others heavier than him. He may pull out the carpet he is sitting upon… and other such things that have been witnessed and reported by reliable sources. He speaks with the tongue of the human and he moves with that body but he is a species other than a human.’


Continued in Part 10.

NASIR

Saturday, October 28, 2017

THE JINN - A SHORT ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE, PART 8.


THE JINN – Part 8, Continued.

The jinn and marriage:

Allah The Almighty says: "And among His Signs is this, that He created for you mates from among yourselves, that ye may dwell in tranquility with them, and He has put love and mercy between your (hearts): verily in that are Signs for those who reflect" (Ar-Rum: 21). Allah The Almighty also says: ''O people! be careful of (your duty to) your Lord, Who created you from a single being and created its mate of the same (kind) and spread from these two, many men and women; and be careful of (your duty to) Allah, by Whom you demand one of another (your rights), and (to) the ties of relationship; surely Allah ever watches over you" (An-Nisaa': 1). And among His Signs is this, that He created for you wives from among yourselves... [30:21]  In the above verses, mate and mates refer to spouses from the same kind, i.e., humankind.

The Jinn also have conjugal relations,  as is evident from this verse: "Therein (in heaven) are (women) of modest gaze, whom neither human being nor Jinn have touched before."  (Qur’an 55:56)  A pious jinni enters into marriage or nikah with a jinniya, also called ‘Pari.  Another verse establishes that they beget children:  "Will you then take (Iblis) and his offspring as protectors in preference to Me, although they are an enemy to you?" (Qur’an 18:50)  Qataadah said: "The children of the Shaytaan produce offspring just as the children of Adam produce offspring, but they are greater in number." (Laqt al-Marjaan, p. 51).  The author of Lawaami al-Anwaar al-Bahiya mentions a hadith as follows: "The jinn have children in the same way that the sons of Adam have children, but theirs are more in number."

Can humans and jinn intermarry?

According to the opinion of Muslim Jurist Al Maawardee (972/1058 c.e.), ‘the intellectual rejects the possibility of sex between human and jinn due to their differences in species, and nature and senses. Man is corporeal, Jinn are incorporeal. Thus mixing, would not be possible with such a difference, and offspring would be inconceivable’. [Al Jaami li Ahkaam al Quran vol 13 p 211].  

However, as pointed out by Hafiz Ibn Kathir, Ath-Tha`labi transmitted on the authority of Sa`id Ibn Bashir on the authority of Qatadah after An-Nadr Ibn Anas after Bashir Ibn Nahik, after Abu Hurairah that Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) said: “One of Bilquis ‘s parents was from among the jinn.”  After citing the genealogy, the Shaykh stated that the father of Bilquis got married to a woman from the Jinn whose name was Raihanah Bint As-Sakan who gave birth to Balqamah to be later known as Bilquis.  Bilquis is known in the Bible as the Queen of Sheba. 
Otherwise too, experts tell us that those who have seen female Jinn have fallen in love with them because of their beauty. 

Qadhi Badr al-Din al-Shibli al-Hanafi in his Aakam al-Marjan fi Ghara’ib al-Akhbar wa Ahkam al-Jann, quotes many early Muslims, such as Tha’alabi, Uthman ibn Sa’id al-Dari, A’mash and Abu Yusuf Saruji, who held the view that not only is human-Jinn inter-marriage possible, but rather, there are instances where such marriages have occurred. (Aakam al-Marjan P: 98-104)  Based on a few reports from the earlier generations, Imam Suyuti too indicated the instances of inter-marriage between humans and Jinn. According to him, Ibn Abbas ® said that epicenes are the sons of the Jinn and are conceived when men have intercourse with their wives during menses which act is forbidden by Allah (swt) and His Messenger (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam).  Hence, in this case, the Shaitan precedes the man in the sexual act so that when the wife gets pregnant, she gives birth to an epicene, i.e. the child having the characteristics of both male and female.  Shaykh Ibn Taymiyyah said that humans and Jinn have got married and have had children as a result of their marriage. (See: Laqat al-Marjan fi Ahkam al-Jann by Suyuti)  According to the Hanafi jurist, Imam Ibn Abidin this concept [of human-Jinn inter-marriage] is a possibility, because their (Jinn) taking various forms [including the human form] is proven by many Hadiths and incidents. This is why it is reported from the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) that he forbade the killing of certain snakes [since it may be a Jinn in the form of a snake]. (Radd al-Muhtar ala al-Durr al-Mukhtar 3/5)

However, regarding the permissibility of this inter-marriage, jurists have stated that human beings and the Jinn being two different species their marriage is eternally prohibited.   Allah Most High says: “He (Allah) is the One who has created you from a single soul, and out of him created his wife, so that he may find comfort in her.” (Surah al-A’raf V 189) and: “O people, fear your Lord who created you from a single soul, and from it created its match, and spread many men and women from the two.” (Surah al-Nisa, V 1) (See: Mughni al-Muhtaj, 3/232)  Many classical authors such as Imam Ghazali, Imam Ar-Razi, Imam Zuhri, Hakam, Qatada, Hasan Basri and others are of the view that such a marriage is not permitted.

In short, marriage between a human being and Jinn kind is possible, extremely rare, but not permitted.

Continued in Part 9.


NASIR

Friday, October 27, 2017

THE JINN - AN ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE PART 7.


THE JINN – Part 7 continued:

Types of Jinn:

Abu Tha`labah al-Khushni says that the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) says: “The jinn are of three types: a type that has wings and they fly through the air; a type that looks like snakes and dogs;
and a type that stops for a rest then resumes its journey.” (Reported by At-Tahawi in Mushkil Al-’Athar). According to Ibn Jareer, Wahb ibn Munabbih, who was from among the Tabiian, said:  “The jinn are of different types. The pure jinn are spirits who do not eat, drink, die or produce offspring. And there are other types who do eat, drink, produce offspring, get married and die. These are the female demons, ghouls, and the like.”(Lawaami’ al-Anwaar, 2/222).  However, there is no evidence for what Wahb said.  It is also said that Jinn have ranks among them according to their powers and their degree of rebellion.  We cannot be sure of their authenticiy except for the sources from the Quran and the Sunnah.     Al-Jahiz states: “People distribute jinn into ranks. If the jinni lives with humans, he is called ‘Aamir. If he is a jinni that attacks young boys, he is called Ruh (pl. arwaah). If he is a malicious, haughty being, then he is a demon. If he is stronger than a demon, he is then a Marid. If he is more powerful than a Marid, then he is an Ifreet.”

Regarding the Jinn who fly, these are also the Jinn that used to eavesdrop on the heavens, to get information on people. They were used by fortune tellers. After the coming of Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w), these Jinn could not go near the heavens, because they would get stuck by balls of fire. The angels speak in the clouds about things that will happen on earth, certain Jinn eavesdrop close to heaven and relay the messages to their masters the fortune tellers, who along mixed with that information mix hundred of lies.

Now, Maarids are rebellious Jinn and worse than the Shaitan Jinn. According to Surah as-saaffat (chapter 37, verse:7) "wa hifzum min kule shayateen, maarid" [and (there is) a safeguard against every rebellious Shaitan, maarid].  They are old, ancient and they are powerful but they are very malicious and evil. They are deadly, they teach magicians on magic. So many magicians,  if they are powerful enough, will have a Maarid under their keep. They are also known as Blue Jinn and are often associated with the wish-granting Jinn. 

Ifreet is one of the most powerful of all Jinn. They come in good and bad. We can find a reference in Surah an-Naml where Hazrat Sulaiman (Solomon) is interested in getting the throne of Queen of Sheba before her arrival to his kingdom for submission:  38. He said (to his own men): "Ye chiefs! which of you can bring me her throne before they come to me in submission?" 39. Said an 'Ifrit, of the Jinns: "I will bring it to thee before thou rise from thy council: indeed I have full strength for the purpose and may be trusted."  Hazrat Sulaiman (a.s.) wanted the job done faster than what an Ifreet could accomplish.  So in the next verse, we learn:  40. Said one who had knowledge of the Book: "I will bring it to thee within the twinkling of an eye!" Then when (Solomon) saw it placed firmly before him, he said: "This is by the Grace of my Lord!- to test me whether I am grateful or ungrateful! and if any is grateful, truly his gratitude is (a gain) for his own soul; but if any is ungrateful, truly my Lord is Free of all Needs, Supreme in Honour !"  We also know that during his heavenly Night Journey Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) encountered an Ifreet.  

Khubuth: These are the ones that dwell in the toilets and can be summoned by evil magicians for assistance. There is a specific supplication to be said when going to the toilet, to protect us from the male and female khubuth “allaahumma inni a’oodhu bika min al-khubthi wa’l-khabaa’ith (o allaah, i seek refuge with you from the male and female devils, khubthi, khabaa'ith (male and female).

Khinzab: These are the ones that disturb us during prayers. They are the devil’s helpers.

Aamir (dweller): If the jinni is one of those who live in houses with people, they call him ‘Aamir (dweller), pl.‘Ummaar. Prophet Muhammad (saw) told us to warn a Jinn that lives in your house (mostly in the form of a dark black snake) – three times. If it does not leave the house on the third time, you then Kill it, because it is not a Jinn but a Devil.

Rooh (spirits):  If the jinni is one of those who interact with children, they call them Ruh, pl. Arwaah (spirits). We hear a lot from our children seeing cartoons in real life. Ones who are scared of water speak of the same cartoonish things appearing in water to them.

Ghoul – Si’lah (Jinn Magicians):  According to a celebrated author, the following tradition:
"The Ghoul is any Jinn that is opposed to travels, assuming various forms and appearances; and affirms that several of the Companions of the Prophet saw Ghouls in their travels; and that before Islam, 'Umar among them saw a Ghoul while on a journey to Syria, and struck it with his sword."  Ibn Kathir said in his Tafseer, that “ghoul” is used for the jinn when it appears at night. Al-Jaahiz said, “It is the name for every jinn that the traveler comes across, appearing in different forms and shapes, both male and female.”  Furthermore, Prophet Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) also said:  “No one can change the image in which he was created. But jinn have some magicians among them as do humans, so when you see them (ghul), give the call to prayers (Adaan).”  And it will go away. Ghoul, however, is considered the male magician, and Si’lah the female.  They dwell in deserts, deserted islands and places where there is no human. They are also said to dwell in graveyards and dirty, dingy places.  The people before Islam described them as having a cat-like face, canine teeth, and a forked tongue, and who appeared and disappeared suddenly. According to Arabian folklore, there are several types of ghouls.  They are blood-drinking creatures that feed on human flesh. The female ghoul has the ability to appear like a normal woman who marries an unsuspecting human who becomes her prey.  As for Si’la, some Arab Geographers have stated that there is an island in the sea of China (Sin) called "the island of Si'la" inhabited by these demons.  They are described as creatures of hideous forms, supposed to be Shaitans, the offspring of human beings and Jinn, who eat men.

Al-nasnas – Shiqq: Strangest of all, described as a man split into two, having half a body. Al-Jahiz speaks, that if a Shiqq encounters a human, it beats him till he dies. The Shiqq is a lower form of Jinn.   We already see Half-man diagrams in Witchcraft charms (key/portal for the demons). There might be a connection between a Shiqq and Jinn. But then a Hadith from al-Sahih:  “Some people of Aad rebelled against their prophet. God transformed them into nasnas, with one foot and one hand. They hop like birds and graze like beasts.”  This means people probably put another form of visible creature into a category of Jinn. Only Allah knows.

Hinn: They are the weak Jinn and they especially like to appear as dogs.

Jann: They can take the forms of whirlwinds and white camels and they live in the desert.   They are excellent shape-shifters.  They have the power to hide or reveal oases in the desert.  They are the enemies of the ghoul.

Shaitan (devil – demon) If the jinni is wicked then he is a Shaytan (devil) (plural: Shayateen.)  It is mentioned in 100 verses of the Qur’an, where it mostly points to Demons (Devils) yet some places it points to Satan (Iblees).  Devil (Shaitan) refers to a type of Jinn representing Pure Evil. Most scholars claim that a Jinni may convert to Islam but a Shaytaan, in specific, can never become a Muslim.
Then, there is something from the Jinn which is called the Qareen, which Allaah has caused to accompany every human being. The existence of the Qareen is established by the Quran and the Sunnah. Allaah The Almighty Says (what means): {His [devil] companion will say, "Our Lord, I did not make him transgress, but he [himself] was in extreme error."} [Quran 50:27] According to Al-Qurtubi and Al-Mahdawi, may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  them, the ‘companion’ in this verse means the devil.  This qareen pushes a person to do evil things and to disobey Allaah.  It was narrated that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood ® said: The Messenger of Allaah (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) said: “There is no one among you but a companion from among the jinn has been assigned to him.” They said, “Even you, O Messenger of Allaah?’ He said, “Even me, but Allaah helped me with him and he became Muslim (or: and I am safe from him), so he only enjoins me to do that which is good.”  The Urdu word for Qareen is Hamzad.  The more evil we commit then the closer friendship we will develop with the Qareen that is appointed to us and the more weaker we will be to his whispers and when he tempts us to do certain things. In order to repel the effects of the Qareen we need to do as many good deeds as possible including recitation of Qur'an particularly Ayatul Kursi, remembering and glorifying Allah as much as we can, being the best towards others, maintaining ties of kinship and so on. We need to constantly remember Allah and do our utmost to abide by the commands of Allah and follow the Sunnah of Rasulallah (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam).  A Muslim must believe in the existence of such a companion because it entails believing in the texts of the Quran and the Sunnah.

A very popular term we often hear especially in the sub-continent of India and Pakistan is “Muwakkil”, also known as ‘Khodam” in the Arab world.  According to Mahmoud Shelton, a Muwakkil is an angel who is in charge of safeguarding the secrets corresponding to a particular letter of the Arabic alphabet, and in this context, each letter is also associated with a jinni.  In other words, Muwakkils and Khodam are the guardians of the holy letters of the Qur’an and the 99 beautiful Names of Allah (swt).  According to Islamic scholars, Muwakkils are created of half-light (nur) and half smokeless-fire, and they can be summoned during a Wazifa or an Islamic ritual.  Under each Muwakkil there are high-ranking Jinn who can be used by pious Islamic healers.  However, Muwakkils are stronger and more powerful than the Jinn so that the Jinn who are under the command of Muwakkil can kill 1000 Jinn within seconds.  It is commonly known in the Muslim world that every name of Allah (swt) has a Muwakkil constantly praying and repeating that name.   A pious believer who constantly prays and repeats these Mighty Names of Allah (Ism-e-Azam) attracts the corresponding Muwakkil who will help him in attaining his legitimate desires. The power of Ism-e-Azam is such that on the constant practice of reciting the Names, the reciter may even witness the angel one day. 

Continued in Part 8.

NASIR