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Saturday, July 12, 2014

SEEKING BLESSINGS FROM THE PROPHET (S), THE RIGHTEOUS & THEIR RELICS - PART 2.

From the Layman’s Desk: Islamic Article No.16: ISLAMIC BARAKA, Part 2:


Praise be to Allah, Lord of all the worlds, and blessings and peace of Allah upon His Prophet and Messenger Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam), his Family and all his Companions. 

The Holy Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) also performed many actions which go to prove the permissibility of Tabarruk. There are many prophetic Traditions that prove the practices of seeking Tabarruk but all of them cannot be quoted.  Hence, we will just point out a few! 

Drinking from the Well of She-Camel of Salih (a.s): 

Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar: 

The people landed at the land of Thamud called Al-Hijr along with Allah's Apostle and they took water from its well for drinking and kneading the dough with it as well.  The Holy Qur’an states in Ch.15:80-81 thus about Al-Hijr: Verily the dwellers of Al Hijr (the rocky tract) denied the Messengers. We gave them Our Signs, but they were averse to them.  (When Allah's Apostle heard about it) he ordered them to pour out the water they had taken from its wells and feed the camels with the dough, and ordered them to take water from the well whence the she-camel (of Prophet Salih) used to drink.  [Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 55, Number 562.]
  
Ibn Umar narrated (Bukhari 3:1237, Muslim 4:2286) that when the companions came to the land of Thamud, the Prophet (Sal Alahu alaihi wasalam) ordered them to use the well-water which the camel used to drink from.  Muhammad Hattab al-Maliki (1497-1547 c.e.) the author of Mawahib al-Jalil 1:49 wrote - quoting Qurtubi in agreement: "This Hadith is a proof of the permissibility of seeking blessings through the remains and traces of the Prophets and the righteous, even after many centuries."

Imam Nawawi (Sharh Muslim vol.8 p.118) comments on this Hadith that we should try to derive blessings from things connected to pious people(wa min fawaid hadhal Hadith, at-Tabarruk bi Aathaar as-Saliheen).

Prophet’s (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) Ring: 

 ‘Abdullāh bin ‘Umar has narrated:
The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) had a silver ring made for himself. It was in his hand, then it remained in Abū Bakr’s hand, then it remained in ‘Umar’s hand, then it remained in ‘Uthmān’s hand, then from his hand it fell into a well at Arīs. The following words were engraved on it: Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah.
[Related by Bukhārī in his as-Sahīh, book of libās (dress) ch.48 (5:2204#5535); Muslim, as-Sahīh, book of libās waz-zīnah (dress and embellishment) ch.12 (3:1656#2091); Abū Dāwūd in Sunan, book of khātim (ring) 4:88 (#4215); Sunan Al Kubra-Imam Nasai, Volume:8, Page: 385, Hadith No#9476, Hadith No#9478; Sunan Al Mujtaba-Imam Nasai, Volume:8 , Page: 178, Hadith No#5217; Mustakhraj-Imam Abu 'Awanah, Volume:5, Page: 262, Hadith No#8655; As Sahi-Imam Ibn e Hibban, Volume:12, Page: 307, Hadith No#5495; Ma'jam Al Ausath-Imam Tabrani, Volume:3, Page: 78, Hadith No#2545; Sunan Al Kubra-Imam Bayhaqi, Volume:2, Page: 595, Hadith No#4215; Shu'b Al Iman-Imam Bayhaqi, Volume:8, Page: 351, Hadith No#5929; Al Musannaf-Imam Ibn e Abi Shaibah, Volume:5, Page: 193, Hadith No#25130; Al Musnad-Imam Ahmad Bin Hambal, Volume:8, Page:358, Hadith No#4734 And Volume:10, Page: 377,Hadith No #6271.]
  
It is narrated in Sahih al-Bukhari (Kitab al-Maghazi) that the same holds true for the Spear of  Muhammad Mustafa (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam)  It was passed on to Sayyidina Abu Bakr ®, and then to Sayyidina Umar ® and then to Sayyidina Uthman ® and finally to Sayyidina 'Ali ®. 

Tabarruk with money the Prophet gave away:

Jabir ® sold a camel to the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) and the Prophet (sal Allah alayhi wasallam)  gave instructions to Bilal ®  to add a qirat (1/12 dirham) to the agreed sale price. Jabir ® said: "The Prophet's (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) addition shall never leave me," and he kept it with him after that. (Bukhari).

Tabarruk with his Holy Hand and Feet: 

1. Wā’il ibn Hajar said, "Whenever I shook hands with the Prophet, may Allah’s blessings and peace be upon him, or my skin touched his skin, I smelled the scent of musk on my hand for three days." (Majma' al-Zawa'id 7:33.)
2. The first hadith Imam Ahmad related from Anas ibn Malik in his Musnad Anas is: "The whole Community of the people of Madina used to take the hand of the Prophet and rush to obtain their need with it."
3. Narrated `A'isha the Mother of the Believers: "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when he had a complaint, would recite the last three suras of Qur'an, over himself and blow." She said, "When his pain was great, I would recite it over him and wipe him with his right hand hoping for its blessing."
4. Usama ibn Sharik narrates: "I came to see the Prophet while his Companions were with him, and they seemed as still as if birds had alighted on top of their heads. I gave him my salam and I sat down. [Then Beduins came and asked questions which the Prophet answered.] ... The Prophet then stood up and the people stood up. They began to kiss his hand, whereupon I took his hand and placed it on my face. I found it more fragrant than musk and cooler than sweet water." Narrated by Abu Dawud (#3855), Ti(2038 -- hasan sahih), Ibn Majah (3436), al-Hakim (4:399), and Ahmad (4:278). al-Hafiz Imam Bayhaqi cites it in Branch 15 of his Shu`ab al-iman entitled: The Fifteenth Branch of Faith, Namely A Chapter On Rendering Honor To The Prophet, Declaring His High Rank, And Revering Him (al-khamis `ashar min shu`ab al-iman wa huwa babun fi ta`zim al-nabi sallallahu `alayhi wa sallama wa ijlalihi wa tawqirih) Vol. 2 p. 200 (#1528).
5. Narrated `Abd Allah ibn `Umar: Ibn `Umar was sent with a detachment by the Apostle of Allah. The people wheeled round in flight. He said: I was one of those who wheeled round in flight. When we stopped, we said: What should we do? We have run away from the battlefield and deserve Allah's wrath. Then we said: Let us enter Medina, stay there, and go there while no one sees us. So we entered the city and thought: If we present ourselves before Allah's Apostle, and if there is a change of repentance for us, we shall stay; if there is something else, we shall go away. So we sat down (waiting) for the Apostle of Allah before the dawn prayer. When he came out, we stood up to him and said: We are the ones who have fled. He turned to us and said: No, you are the ones who return to fight after wheeling away. We then approached and kissed his hand, and he said: I am the main body of the Muslims. 
(Abu Dawud, Book 14 [Jihad], Number 2641.) This hadith is also found in al-Abhari; in the book of al-hafiz Ibn Muqri on standing up and kissing the hand out of respect; in the Adab al-mufrad of Imam Bukhari (Chapter on Kissing the Hand and Chapter on Kissing the Foot), in Ibn Maja (Adab), in Bayhaqi's Dala'il an-Nubuwwa, and in the Musnad of Ahmad ibn Hanbal.
6. Ibn `Umar told a story and said: "We then came near the Prophet and kissed his hand." It is related in Ibn Maja's Sunan, Book of Adab, Chapter on kissing by a man of another man's hand; in Abu Dawud's Sunan, Book of Adab, Chapter on kissing the hand; and in the Musannaf of Ibn Abi Shayba through two different chains.
7. Umm Aban, daughter of al-Wazi` ibn Zari` narrated that her grandfather Zari` al-`Abdi, who was a member of the deputation of `Abd al-Qays, said: "When we came to Medina, we raced to be first to dismount and kiss the hand and foot of Allah's Apostle... (to the end of the hadith)" [Abu Dawud, 41: 5206.] Bukhari relates from her a similar hadith in his Adab al-mufrad: We were walking and someone said, "There is the Messenger of Allah," so we took his hands and feet and kissed them.
8. Burayda narrated that one of the Beduin Arabs who came to the Prophet, Peace be upon him, asked: "O Messenger of Allah, give me permission to kiss your head and your hands," and he received it. In another version, he asks permission to kiss the head and the feet.  [Narrated in Ghazali's Ihya' and the version mentioning the feet is in Hakim's Mustadrak and in Ibn Muqri. Both al-Hakim and al-`Iraqi declared the latter's chain authentic.]
9. From Safwan ibn `Asal al-Muradi: "One of two Jews said to his companion: Take us to this Prophet so we can ask him about Musa's ten signs... [the Prophet replied in full and then] they kissed his hands and feet and said: we witness that you are a Prophet..." Narrated by Ibn Abi Shayba (Book of Adab, Chapter entitled A Man Kissing Another Man's Hand When He greets Him), Tirmidhi (Book of Adab) who declared it hasan sahih, al-Nasa'i, Ibn Maja (Book of Adab), and al-Hakim who declared it sahih.
10. When we were with Allah's Messenger on an expedition, a Bedouin came and asked for a miracle. The Noble Messenger (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) pointed at a tree and said to the Bedouin: "Tell that tree that Allah's Messenger summons you." The tree swayed and brought itself out, and came to the presence of the Holy Messenger (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam), stating, "Peace be upon you Oh Messenger of Allah!" The Bedouin said, "Now let it return to its place!" When Allah's Messenger ordered it, the tree went back. The Bedouin said, "let me prostrate to you!" The Messenger answered: "No one is allowed to do that [ie it is Haraam]." The Bedouin said, "Then I will KISS YOUR HANDS AND FEET." and He (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) PERMITTED HIM THAT [ie it is jaa'iz]. [REf: al-QaaDee IyaaD, ash-Shifaa', 1:299; al-Bazzaar, Musnad, 3:49.]
11. Narrated Usayd ibn Hudayr: AbdurRahman ibn Abu Layla, quoting Usayd ibn Hudayr, a man of the Ansar, said that while he was given to jesting and was talking to the people and making them laugh, the Prophet poked him under the ribs with a stick. He said: Let me take retaliation. He said: Take retaliation. He said: You are wearing a shirt but I am not. The Prophet then raised his shirt and the man embraced him and began to KISS HIS SIDE. Then he said: This is what I wanted, Apostle of Allah! (Abu Dawud, Book 41, Number 5205.)
12. Ibn `Abd al-Barr relates, in his Isti`ab fi Ma`rifat al-as-hab (p. 673), that the Prophet, after forbidding two or three times the use of khaluq (a kind of perfume mixed with saffron), and finding that Sawad ibn `Amr al-Qari al-Ansari was wearing it, nudged him in the mid-section with a palm-tree stalk (jarida) and scratched him. The latter asked for reparation; when the Prophet bared his own belly to him, he jumped and kissed the Prophet's belly.
13. Ibn Ishaq's version in the Sira mentions that Sawad was standing in the ranks of the Companions of Badr at the time of this incident. The Prophet was arranging the ranks with his switch (miqra`a) and he nudged Sawad's belly with it, scratching him inadvertently, with the words: "Align yourself with the others." Sawad said: "Ya Rasulallah, you hurt me, so give me reparation." The Prophet handed him the switch and said: "Take reparation." Sawad approached him and kissed his belly. The Prophet said: "What made you do that, O Sawad?" He replied, "Ya  Rasulallah, the time has come for what you see, and I loved that my last action in this dunya be to touch you."
14. Narrated Buhaysah al-Fazariyyah: My father sought permission from the Prophet. Then he came near him, lifted his shirt, and began to kiss him and embrace him out of love for him... (Abu Dawud, Book 9, Number 1665.)
15. The Tabi`i Thabit al-Bunani said he used to go to Anas Ibn Malik, kiss his hands, and say: "These are hands that touched the Prophet. " He would kiss his eyes and say: "These are eyes that saw the Prophet."
Abu Ya`la narrated it in his Musnad (6:211).  

Ibn Hajar mentioned it in his al-Matalib al-`aliya (4:111). 

al-Haythami declared it sound in Majma` al-zawa'id (9:325).

16. Bukhari in al-Adab al-mufrad also relates that Suhayb saw Sayyidina `Ali kiss both the hand and feet of the Prophet's uncle al-`Abbas, and that Thabit kissed the hand of Anas because it had touched the Prophet's hand.

17. According to Imam Bukhari in his Adab al-mufrad:  Abd al-Rahman ibn Razin related that one of the Companions, Salama ibn al-Aku`, raised his hands before a group of people and said: "With these very hands I pledged allegiance (bay`a) to the Messenger of Allah," upon hearing which, all who were present got up and went to kiss his hand.

18. Another version of this hadith was also related by Ahmad.
Abu Malik al-Ashja`i said that he once asked another Companion of the Tree, Ibn Abi Awfa, "Give me the hand that swore bay`at to the Messenger of Allah, Peace be upon him, that I may kiss it." Ibn al-Muqri related it.

19. Al-Tabarani in al-Awsat and al-Kabir (4:16), and Imam Ahmad in his Musnad (5:67-68) with a sound chain as stated by al-Haythami in al-Zawa'id (4:211) narrated through Handhalah Ibn Hudhaym that the latter went with his grandfather, Hudhaym, to the Prophet. Hudhaym said to the Messenger of Allah: "I have sons and grandsons, some of whom are pubescent and others still children." Motioning to the young child next to him, he said: "This is the youngest." The Prophet brought this young child whose name was Handhalah next to him, wiped on his head, and told him, "barakallahu fik," which means: "May Allah bless you." After that, people started to bring Handhalah a person with a swollen face or a sheep with a swollen udder. Handhalah would place his hand on that part of his head the Prophet wiped, then touch the swollen part and say Bismillah, and the swelling would be cured.

There are very many ahadith on the subject of the Baraka of the Hand of the Holy Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam).  Dr. Mostafa al-Badawi’s article on The Hand of the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) has extensively dealt with the subject, refreshing our Imaan.   Dear Readers are requested not to miss that Article.
  
Blessing through the gold given by the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam):

It was the usual practice of the Companions that they held every object associated with the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam)  even dearer than their own life and went to extraordinary lengths not to let it waste and to preserve it in its untarnished splendour. They saved the dinars given to them by the Prophet  (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) and avoided spending them even in the face of the most pressing temptation.

1. Jābir bin ‘Abdullāh has related:
Once I was travelling with the Holy Prophet(sal Allahu alayhi wasallam). Since I was riding a sluggish camel, I lagged behind everyone. When the Prophet  (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) passed by me, he asked: who are you?  I said: Jābir bin ‘Abdullāh. He asked me: what’s the matter?  I replied: I am riding a sluggish camel. He asked me for a stick and I brought the stick to him. He applied it to the camel and reprimanded it. Then the same camel ran ahead of all others. He wanted to buy my camel but I said: O Messenger of Allah! This is already yours and you can have it without payment. But the Holy Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) insisted on buying it and said: I have bought it from you for four dinars, and permitted me to ride it to Medina. When we reached Medina, he said: O Bilāl! Pay (Jābir) his price, and add some more to it. Bilāl paid him four dinars, adding a carat of gold to the price.
2. Jābir bin ‘Abdullāh relates:   The (carat of) gold given by the beloved Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) never parted us. (The narrator says): and that carat (of gold gifted by the Holy Prophet) always remained in Jābir bin ‘Abdullāh’s purse, and never left it.
[Bukhārī, as-Sahīh, b. of wakālah (representation) ch.8 (2:811#2185); Muslim, as-Sahīh, b. of musāqāt (watering) ch.21 (3;1222-3#715); Ahmad bin Hanbal, Musnad (3:299,314)].

Continued in Part 3… 


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